Construction of the Empire State Building

The 1453-foot, 103-story Empire State Building came to be a project because General Motors executive John J. Raskob wanted to beat his arch-rival in creating the tallest building in the world. Excavation for the building began in January 1930 and just two months later the construction of the building started. The schedule on this project…

The 1453-foot, 103-story Empire State Building came to be a project because General Motors executive John J. Raskob wanted to beat his arch-rival in creating the tallest building in the world.

Excavation for the building began in January 1930 and just two months later the construction of the building started. The schedule on this project was as adventurous as the design. The architects planned that the project would have been completed in only eighteen months. The contractor employed for the project was general contractors Starrett Brothers and Eken, who put in a bold bid to win the job.

Not only did they promise that they could get the job done on time, but they announced that they would purchase custom-fitted equipment to fulfill the contract. Their opinion was that this would cost less than renting second hand equipment and would be more efficient. The investment group agreed with them.

The supplies for the building had to be made at the plants in as close to finished state as possible, to minimize preparatory work needed at the site. The companies they rented had to be dependable, able to provide quality work, and willing to attend to the alloted timetable. Time had to be scheduled nearly to the minute.

The schedule dictated that each section of the building process overlapped – not a moment was to be wasted. Planning started immediately and a fast-track construction approach was adopted, which is common place in the United States today. This technique involves starting the construction process before the designs are fully completed in order to reduce delays and inflation costs.

Demolishing the existing building on the site and laying the foundations simultaneously aided to save time too. Time was also saved by making the process of moving materials more efficient. A railway was built at the construction site to move materials quickly: each cart held eight times more than a wheelbarrow.

While the outside of the building was being constructed, electricians and plumbers began installing the internal necessities of the building. The building was being identified at a rate of four and a half stores a week! The project became a model of efficiency.

The Empire State Building took a total of one year and 45days to complete. It was completed under budget – by $ 18.3million – and ahead of schedule – by three months. American project management still uses the same principles as this project from the 1920s does. The emphasis was on speed as it still is in America.

Construction Management Theories

Abraham Harold Maslow was an American theorist who studied the needs of humans and how satisfying these needs can motivate people to work harder and be happy. He started his studies observing the behavior of monkeys. Whilst researching the monkeys he realized that some needs took priority over others. He took these ideas and produced…

Abraham Harold Maslow was an American theorist who studied the needs of humans and how satisfying these needs can motivate people to work harder and be happy. He started his studies observing the behavior of monkeys. Whilst researching the monkeys he realized that some needs took priority over others. He took these ideas and produced his famous hierarchy of needs.

At the bottom of this hierarchy were the physiological needs of the person. These needs included water, oxygen, heat, vitamin C, rest, avoiding pain and having sex. The lack of these physiological needs leads to the body craving for things that have satisfied these needs before.

Above the physiological needs are safety needs. When most of the physiological needs are met people start to worry about security. Things such as having a home in a safe area, savings for the future and job security all satisfy this need.

After the previous two areas are satisfied love and belonging needs set in. The need for friendship, a lover, children or just a sense of community are what the person desires at this stage.

At level four esteem needs are required to satisfy the persons happiness. Maslow split this into a lower and higher level of need. The lower is a need for respect, status, attention and recognition. The higher stage concerns self-respect and independence. These are valued as higher in the chart as they come from within the person and are harder to lose.

At the very top of the model is self-actualization. This stage is where a person has a constant aspiration to fulfill their potential. The need to feel complete and be all they can be. Maslow suggested that only two percent of the worlds' population ever reach the self-actualization stage.

Clayton Alderfer further developed Maslow's work. He suggested that the five stages identified by Maslow could be reduced to three areas. He called this His Existence, Relatedness and Growth theory. The physiological and safety stages in Maslow's hierarchy became the existence category in Alderfer's theory. The interpersonal love and esteem stages became the relatedness category and the self-esteem and self-actualization stages became he growth category. He also suggested that these categories all function simultaneously and the importance of each stage varied between people and even with their mood.

This theory can be applied in construction management by viewing the company as a whole and applying the stages of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs to it. Stage one sees the project being undertaking as having resources, which are needed for it to begin. These may include tools, drawings and the relevant workers for the project. The company then needs financial backing or sufficient finances to begin the project, which relates to the security stage. They also need to have a feeling of security that they will be paid in full for the completed project.

Acceptance of the venture is what they would look for next. This could be acceptance from a planning department or from the surrounding community. The self-esteem stage would come into action when the project is well under way and the company can make sure that the development has been well planned and executed. The final stage of self-actualization can be reached by completing the project on time and to budget.

Taking this theory to an individual level in the construction industry is just as valid. Take a labourer for example: he needs tools and instructions to begin the process. He then needs to know that his job is secure otherwise he will not commit to the project. A sense of being accepted as part of the team would then satisfy the related need he has. The self-esteem stage can be achieved through praise and recognition for good work or the possibility of promotion. Self-actualization is very hard to achieve but it could have achieved through the job being completed to perfection.

Carbon Cast Concrete

Carbon Cast concrete is an innovative technology that uses conventional steel for primary reinforcing and C-GRID epoxy-coated carbon fiber composite grid for secondary reinforcing and shear transfer. This allows the material to be very lightweight compared to normal reinforced concrete. It has greater long-term durability, increased insulating properties and greater sustainability on top of the…

Carbon Cast concrete is an innovative technology that uses conventional steel for primary reinforcing and C-GRID epoxy-coated carbon fiber composite grid for secondary reinforcing and shear transfer. This allows the material to be very lightweight compared to normal reinforced concrete.

It has greater long-term durability, increased insulating properties and greater sustainability on top of the benefits of other concretes. This technology is the first advancement in precast concrete in over 50 years. These precast panels can weigh up to 66% less than the normal precast.

Advantages of using Carbon Cast Concrete panels

· Energy efficient · They are light weight as a lot of the concrete mass in traditional precast panels is not needed · The panels are dry and mold free · Superior compared to regular precast concrete panels at load bearing · Non-combustible · The panels are quickly identified as they are light · The heating costs in the finished structure are reduced due to the insulation used in the panels · Carbon fiber will not corrode

The development Habitat for Humanity in New York City was constructed using Carbon Cast concrete panels. The houses could be authenticated very quickly as the panels are very light and much smaller machinery could be used to manoeuvre them into place. This meant that the project could have been completed in a short space of time and families had homes a lot earlier than they would have had otherwise. Carbon Cast panels will last longer than the usual framed structures that are used. Carbon fiber reinforcement is used in the face of the panels instead of welded wire mess.

This allowed 50% of the concrete content to be removed as it is typically used to protect the steel mess from corroding and this will not occur with carbon fiber. As a lot of the mass has been removed EPS insulation could be incorporated in the panels. This will reduce the energy costs for the occupant significantly. As there is still concrete in the panels noise levels in the houses will be reduced. Concrete helps to keep internal noise inside and street noise on the outside. This improves the living conditions in the houses compared to conventional frame construction or brick dwellings.

These panels are resistant to insects, pests, mold and fire. This gives the occupier piece of mind that their home is safe. The external surface of the Carbon Cast panels can be made to look like most materials. This gives the designer the freedom to make their building attractive without compromising the structural properties.

Project Management in Japan

Japanese project management reflects the Japanese culture of “honor.” A reputation for high quality buildings is present throughout the industry. The Japanese have developed mass production, standardization and simplification. There are six main contractors in Japan, who each have over 1,000 employees. These contractors have created very close relationships with their suppliers, client's, contractors and…

Japanese project management reflects the Japanese culture of “honor.” A reputation for high quality buildings is present throughout the industry. The Japanese have developed mass production, standardization and simplification. There are six main contractors in Japan, who each have over 1,000 employees.

These contractors have created very close relationships with their suppliers, client's, contractors and specialist sub-contractors to create a “family.” They all have a lot of trust in each other and support each other. Where a part of the “family” does not perform as required it is considered as a great disgrace on them. Emphasis is placed on training and gaining skills in Japan. The company employs new graduates and trains them in their methods so that they can join their “family”. This often leads to a job for life. All staff in the company are encouraged to voice their opinions and suggest ways to improve their work practices. As was seen in America, Japanese buildings lack the flair and originality seen in the UK industry.

The Japanese client will firstly choose their contractor. The design team of the contractor will do most of the design work. These design teams consider every aspect of the project to ensure maximum efficiency and safety. Designs are based on standard specifications and components that are published in the Japan Architecture Standard Specification. As with America, specialist contractors, who are trusted by the contractor, are allocated appropriate tasks. Total integration of the processes is included from the design stage. Any possibly dangerous activities or areas are identified at the start, which allows them to be monitored. This creates a much safer site.

The work day in Japan starts at 8.00am, with exercise and a ten minute briefing of the tasks for the day. There are then meetings between each individual team to discuss their activities in detail. A chalk or white board is used to record the agreed tasks, which is considered as a personal contract for the day. Workers will ensure that, where practicably possible, these tasks are completed before they leave the site for the day. In the United Kingdom this rarely happens as workers like to leave at their set time.

Work on sites in Japan is allocated in two week packages. These packages have an element of float built in which allows for each unit of work to be completed on time. Contractors are worried about “losing face” and so will employ extra labor if the project starts to fall behind its schedule. At 3.00pm employees are called back to the board to discuss the day's work. Any improvement to work methods is recorded for everyone to use the next day. Tasks for tomorrow are then put up on the board ready for the 8.00am meeting the following day.

In Japan excellence is achieved through quality, and therefore contractors strive to provide the highest quality for their client. Contractors invest highly in research, $ 50million in 1990, in the search for quality. They work with the belief that it is more cost effective to get it right the first time. They also have high expectations for their time and cost estimating. They conduct so much planning, together with their relationship with suppliers that their projects mostly complete on time and at the estimated cost. Often the case is that a sub-contractor is told how much he will be paid, which they accept as it is seen as being work offered to them by their “family”.

In Japan there is almost no competitive bidding process. This along with low inflation means that cost control is not really required. As the parties involved are knowledgeable of the building costs, accepted rates are applicable to projects. The price of a major project is negotiated between the client and the main contractor, and if problems arise in the project that the contractor rectifies at no extra cost the client often pays them extra on their next mutual project. Payment for the project is made as each major stage is completed, but it is delayed by a set period of time.

The project management industry in Japan needs to become more creative with its designs. As they strive for quality and conduct a lot of research their construction costs are 20% higher than in the United Kingdom.

Post Tensioned Concrete

Post-tensioning is a process of reinforcing and prestressing concrete. Stresses are brought into the concrete using bars or strands of steel while it is being constructed. The strands of steel are typically used in horizontal construction such as foundations and beams. Steel bars are used for vertical purposes such as columns and walls. Typical steel…

Post-tensioning is a process of reinforcing and prestressing concrete. Stresses are brought into the concrete using bars or strands of steel while it is being constructed. The strands of steel are typically used in horizontal construction such as foundations and beams. Steel bars are used for vertical purposes such as columns and walls.

Typical steel strands used in post-tensioning have a tensile strength of 270,000 pounds / in². In comparison, a typical non-prestressed piece of reinforcing has a tensile strength of 60,000 psi. Strands typically have a diameter of 1/2 in., And are stressed to a force of 33,000 pounds. The stresses brought into the concrete offset the expected external loads the concrete will be subjected to.

In post-tensioning the steel is held in a duct, which stops the steel and concrete from binding after the concrete solidifies. The steel can then be stressed after the concrete sets. This is usually done in two stages. The first prestress applied is up to 50% of the final force and this is done when the compressive strength reaches 12-15N / mm².

The second stage is when the final stress occurs and this is done when the concrete meets its design strength. The strands and bars are tensioned by stretching them with a hydraulic jack. They are then fixed in place with an anchoring component, which holds the force in them for the life of the building. Post-tensioning allows the engineer to have all the benefits of using prestressed concrete while keeping the freedom of construction on site.

Concrete is very strong in compression and weak in tension. Steel however is very strong in tension. By combining the two materials we create a component, which is strong in both tension and compression. More benefits can be found by using the steel to place the concrete into compression. This increases it's tensile strength, which allows for longer spans and thinner sections. It also helps to stop the formation of shrinkage cracks, which in turn stops moisture passing through the material.

The more the concrete is compressed, the less likely it is that cracking will occur. Using post-tensioned concrete allows for flexible column spacing and structural depth.

Construction Cameras Help Contractors Differentiate Themselves and Give Owners Peace of Mind

The change in construction materials cost in 2009 has been significant, but the real bottom line change is resulting from increased competition between contractors. Our clients who are owners openly discuss the challenges they have related to the increasing complexity and competition during the bid process. A few years ago a K-12 school construction project…

The change in construction materials cost in 2009 has been significant, but the real bottom line change is resulting from increased competition between contractors. Our clients who are owners openly discuss the challenges they have related to the increasing complexity and competition during the bid process. A few years ago a K-12 school construction project had 3-5 bidders, today there are 30 firms competing for the same project. The challenge for owners is to determine which contractors are qualified. The ability for a contractor to demonstrate experience and performance from past projects is crucial to satisfying owners concerns and winning bids.

Perhaps one of the most compelling ways for a contractor to create peace of mind for the owner, and to differentiate themselves from the competition, is to offer them transparency and communication which is guaranteed to be timely, accurate and compelling. Contractors who offer construction camera systems are offering the owner additional service. By demonstrating this level of transparency, efficiency and accountability those contractors have one more way to connect with owners needs which helps to build relationships and win work.

The president of an Atlanta construction company, explains how construction cameras translate to real dollars for them: “Our firm has been using construction cameras to monitor progress on all of our jobsites. , we setup monitors to display live images from each project. “It's paid for itself several times over”, says Atlanta construction company president. “A new client who was expanding operations in the southeast interviewed us as part of the bid process. When they awarded us the contract they explained that it was the demonstration of proactive management through the use of live images which was key in their decision.”

Why Implement a Construction Camera:

The old adage that everyone expects more for less rings loud in today's construction marketplace. Owners who put their projects out to bid are expecting lower prices, higher quality and better service from the contractors that try to compete for their business. One more way to separate yourself from the pack is to proactively include a construction camera service in your bid in order to:

– Keep all team-members up to date on project progress

– Confirm jobsite activities against other reporting methods

– Review daily progress against schedules

– Monitor jobsite weather conditions

– Document as-built conditions

Need for Reliability:

Any system is only as good as the weakest link. For too many corporate acquisitions, the weakest link can be the initial implementation, or lack thereof. By selecting an easy turnkey solution, you will have a hassle free implementation and carefree maintenance experience.

There are four key parts to a full construction camera system. The camera hardware at the jobsite, the internet connection, the servers where the images are stored and the software. A failure with anyone of these parts creates a failure of the entire system and construction sites are not the friendliest places for electronics. By using a full service construction camera provider you maximize the client's experience and ensure success while avoiding the problems associated with running the system in house or using security equipment which only has an image quality adequate for a small area.

Once you've chosen a full service provider, power is another issue to consider when it comes to reliability. For camera locations without easy access to power, or in urban areas with utility coordination headaches, a well designed solar power stations can ensure reliability and ease of setup. Additionally, implementing solar construction cameras qualifies you for the 30% solar energy tax credits at the federal level as well as other state and local tax credits where available.

Summary:
As you work on your next bid, or break ground on your next project, consider offering the owner construction cameras as part of the package. It's an opportunity to gain additional efficiency and show everyone what goes into delivering the type of service and quality your firm offers. As a marketing tool it can be a great differentiator so do your research. Review examples of live construction cameras online. Find a reputable provider who offers a turnkey solution and guarantees their service. Then put the peace of mind that a good construction camera experience provides to work for you.

Real Estate Development Financing Creates Critical Situation For Developers

The real estate development industry has created a negative impact on today's economy. Through the United States real estate developers are experiencing many concerns with their development projects. These concerns are mostly related to the lack of financing available and lenders unwillingness to extend or structure current obligations. Whether you are a residential developer, homebuilder,…

The real estate development industry has created a negative impact on today's economy. Through the United States real estate developers are experiencing many concerns with their development projects. These concerns are mostly related to the lack of financing available and lenders unwillingness to extend or structure current obligations. Whether you are a residential developer, homebuilder, commercial developer, or any other related real estate development professional without the proper financing terms and structure the projects will remain stagnant or be sold.

The news has hit Wall Street and Main Street that real estate developers and homebuilders require financing, restructuring, and more time to manage through this cycle. Lenders, investors, and other financial institutions have scaled back their lending programs to developers and builders due to the risk associated with real estate development. Many real estate developers rely on financial leverage to make their relevant projects successful. In today's economy the term “leakage” has been a word many people feel has created this current crisis.

The impact has been created partially built stagnant projects filled with graffiti, damages, and hazards facing the immediate communities. The citizens of these communities are demanding that police patrol the projects, fire departments monitor access to water, and local municipalities ensure that the integrity of the community. The cities are also being negatively hurt because they relied upon projections of tax revenue created by these real estate development projects.

The real estate development industry has developed alternative contingency plans to adapt to the current real estate environment. Some of the most successful alternative strategies include; raising equity, developing joint venture partners, negotiating with their current lenders, and to secure additional debt. Real estate developers that can raise equity can reduce their leverage position and can satisfy lenders needs for paying interest or paying down principal. Real estate developers in turn give up equity into the project. Joint venture partners entail teaming up with other real estate development partners or investors to provide additional equity or relationships that create value for the project. Negotiating with lenders has also proved to be successful; however, many lenders are having a tough time with how they restructured the loans. Finally, securing additional debt to either refinance the entire project or pay down the existing debt and hold funds for interest carrying costs has been a strategy for real estate developers.

There are other issues and concerns facing real estate developers including financing such as finding homeowners, builders to develop projects, and end tenants to occupy the projects. The residential mortgage industry has been experiencing an intense increase in bankruptcy filings, foreclosures, and lack of funding available to create mortgages to buyers of new homes. The government has been creating programs and ideas to help keep homeowners in their homes and to also stimulate new buyers to the market.

The retail sector of commercial real estate has seen retailers scale back their operations in terms of growth and expansion. The retailers are also struggling to secure financing for tenant improvements for their locations. One of the most troubling concerns for retailers has been the lack of consumer spending. Office tenants have also had to scale back their operations, reduce staffing needs, and cut expenses as much as possible. Office tenants are also experiencing opportunities to move into more desirable locations at more affordable prices causing vacancies in many submarkets.

The recent economic indicators and stock market trends are showing some signs of strength in the economy while others believe that the economy is still due for a slow recovery. As the credit markets start to thaw out and lend to real estate developers the projects will start to get back on track and create momentum. There will be many learning experiences real estate developers will take away from this current real estate market and hopefully will not repeat in the future.

Renting a Commercial Tent FAQ

When involved in a one-time off event, either organizing or merly participating, we're often constrained by the amount of time and resources we can spend. That is a notch up more true for outdoor events like fairs, weddings and the like, where commercial ventures are the choice of the day and dealing with the purchase,…

When involved in a one-time off event, either organizing or merly participating, we're often constrained by the amount of time and resources we can spend. That is a notch up more true for outdoor events like fairs, weddings and the like, where commercial ventures are the choice of the day and dealing with the purchase, set up, maintenance and fold up processes is not something we always can afford to focus our attention on. It is in those cases when it is cheaper and convenient to rent a tent and save ourselves all the trouble.

Q: Why rent a commercial tent?
A: You pay less than buying your own tent, you get the tent delivered and installed (most companies do that) in the location of your choice.

Q: How big a tent should you rent?
A: You answer a system of questions and based on that the right size of tent is chosen for you. Of course you are going to be presented with a drawing of the tent exterior and interior layout in advance.

Q: How much does it cost?
A: The normal price, depending on the scale of the event and the number of people expected, varies between 30-40 $ per person. That includes the tent itself, furniture, dishes, lighting and so on., Excluding the delivery costs only.

Q: Is there a time limit for the rent?
A: It depends on the company policy, but the commonly accepted practice is to allow for 5 to 7 days of rental period.

Q: Are there prerequisites for the condition of the accessories at the end of the rental period?
A: Most of the time, no. Just remove the food off dishes, put linens back into the tubs that they came with and so on.

Q: Are the accessories set up by the company?
A: Mostly no, that is up to you once the accessories are stacked up inside the tent.

Q: Is soft ground mandatory, what about asphalt and such?
A: Most companies offer an additional anchor service when necessary, those can only be used with specific type of tents though and cost you additionally.

Q: What about permits on public grounds?
A: You've got to sort those out yourself as the commercial tent rental companies will not agree to deliver anything until you have required and approved a permission from the city or town management.

Q: What if there are no access roads to the place?
A: It is necessary to have accessible road to at least a close nearby location and that is wide and open enough to accommodate a bus sized truck.

So next time you're forming up your budget and spending time, and effort, on organizing your events, make sure to check if renting a commercial tent is something you should prefer over doing it your own way.

The Upside Down House

Located in the town of Szymbark, Poland, this magnificent piece of architecture was conceptualized by the owner, Daniel Czapiewski. Due to its unique design, it visits thousands of tourists keen to see this bizarre specter. The house is a normal conventional double storey wooden house literally inverted upside down with the roof touching the ground.…

Located in the town of Szymbark, Poland, this magnificent piece of architecture was conceptualized by the owner, Daniel Czapiewski.

Due to its unique design, it visits thousands of tourists keen to see this bizarre specter. The house is a normal conventional double storey wooden house literally inverted upside down with the roof touching the ground.

In this scenario, we can see how an architect's decision during the design process can have a substantial effect on the commercial liability and profitability of a building. In this case, the design uniqueness joins thousands of tourists to the site every year. The designer modified the conventional house and put it upside down.The cost of putting up such a house is relatively the same as for putting up a house the same size and design on the right -side up. The cost-benefit of putting up the house up-side down far outweighs the opposite ie if the house was conventional. Just imagine-if the house was the right-side up, no tourists would have visited it and the tiny village of Szymbark would not have found its place on the map.

The use of wood for construction eases the flexibility in constructing the house at a few degrees slant. Wood is also light in weight since easier to suspend and cantilever. From the pictures, notice that the curtains also open upside down to emphasize on the up-side down effect. The suspended cantilevered side also helps to drum in this effect, with the chimney used cleverly to act as support to the ground. Bituminous felt is used as a flat roof on top.

This house will forever be etched in the minds of many and will be true testimonials on how creativity can increase a thousand-fold the commercial liability of Real Estate at no extra cost.

How to Make a Music Studio With Metal Buildings

Are you part of a music group or band looking for a great place to practice your music out of the earShot of your family or the general community? Maybe you have outgrown your parent's garage and need something a little more roomy or soundproof? A steel building may be the perfect solution for you…

Are you part of a music group or band looking for a great place to practice your music out of the earShot of your family or the general community? Maybe you have outgrown your parent's garage and need something a little more roomy or soundproof? A steel building may be the perfect solution for you then.

Steel buildings are great as music studios because they are both economical and easy to build, with many options for soundproofing. Steel buildings can be added to existing structures our located at a distance from your home or other buildings, like your neighbors' homes or commercial offices. They come in many different plans and budgets so you are sure to find one that will work for you. Steel buildings are perfect to use as music studios because they have a great deal of interior space and they can be temperature controlled for safe instrument storage. They also allow room for musicians to spread out and they are great for acoustics for recording or live performance purposes.

If you are considering building a steel building for your band or organization, here are some ways you can design yours to be the perfect music studio and avoid any potential problems in the process.

Decide where you should put the steel building

If you live in a medium to large-sized town, you will need to check with local zoning boards to determine if you can build within town limits for a music studio. You may have to stay away from heavily populated areas to reduce noise distortances. If you have an existing structure that you want to add on, be sure to get the proper permits before building your new steel building music studio.

The building's purpose

If you are just adding a space onto your home to become a small recording studio, obviously you will not need as large of a steel building as you would if you are planning on holding concerts there. You also want to think about how you will access the building, what security needs you may have and what components you will need to ensure it is a climate controlled, sound proof environment. What size air conditioners or heating systems you may need can affect what size building you should build based on cost. Also, do you need to accommodate the general public and if so, what safety issues or accommodations are needed, let's say for example possible handicapped people?

Additional features of the music studio

A music studio is going to require a lot of soundproofing and airtight recording areas for the best sound quality when using it. You will want to find out about wall coverings or sound barriers that will work within the structure of the steel building. Keep in mind that the walls of the steel building are thin enough that sound will bounce off the interior, but it will also pass through if you do not insulate it enough. There are many choices when it comes to soundproofing options, so be sure to determine what will work best for you.

If you plan ahead and take into consideration the unique features that a steel building can afford you with your plans as musicians, you will find that a steel building is the perfect solution for an affordable music studio.

Mechanic’s Liens – How to Get Paid Guide – Including Interest in Your Lien Claim

Can you include interest in the Claim of Lien Form? This depends on your state, but in most cases you can. Your state will probably have a statute which describes the legal rate of interest for any unpaid amounts for a breach of contract, whether or not you are a contractor. Or, there can be…

Can you include interest in the Claim of Lien Form? This depends on your state, but in most cases you can. Your state will probably have a statute which describes the legal rate of interest for any unpaid amounts for a breach of contract, whether or not you are a contractor. Or, there can be a specific statement as to a mechanic's lien claim. In many cases this is in the vicinity of 10%. Predominately, this is simple interest and not compounded. It is legally phrased as, for example: “10% per annual simple interest.”

Phrasing it in your mechanic's lien claim would be as follows: “The amount of this mechanic's lien is $ 12,432.00, plus interest at 10% per annual from an after March 31, 2008.” If later in court you are only awarded $ 10,000, the interest would logically be adjusted to that amount.

Interest is awarded prejudgment by most courts if you have what is called a “liquid sum”. This means you have a claim for an amount which is easily and mathematically calculated based on a specific sum. Here's an example. Assuming you are involved in a serious automobile accident and have a emotional distress and personal injuries. There is no human way beforehand to know exactly what these amounts are going to be, as the judge or jury determinates this later. On the other hand, if someone by contract has agreed to pay you $ 10,000 for delivery of materials, that is a specific and ascertainable sum which can be the subject of interest. In the personal injury action, interest is not allowed because this is considered an “uncliquidated” sum.

So, it is always a good idea to include interest in your lien claim.

Is it Good Time to Buy PEI Home Or Property?

Well the short answer is yes! However although not for the reasons you think. You are probably thinking that with the downturn in the economy home prices will go down and you will buy into the market more cheaply. That is true! However any time is a good time to buy a home. Why? In…

Well the short answer is yes! However although not for the reasons you think. You are probably thinking that with the downturn in the economy home prices will go down and you will buy into the market more cheaply. That is true! However any time is a good time to buy a home.

Why? In the long haul (and in real estate when the property is the home you live in we are always talking about the long haul) real estate values ​​go up. You are worried though that if you buy just a little too early that you may pay a few thousand dollars more than you really had too. It is amazing that on a purchase often of 3 or 4 hundred thousand dollars people will always worry if they got the really, really best, “I squeezed that vendor for everything he would give”, best price. Does it matter? Let's think about that. Usually, every thousand dollars that you spend on the purchase of your home cost you $ 6 per month. So if you purchased a home at $ 300,000 your monthly payment might be in the $ 1800 per month range. Now suppose you had squeezed that vendor for another $ 2000 off ie $ 298,000 you would be paying $ 1788. You might have risked getting the home for $ 12 per month. How's that for macho – and believe me, women squeeze just as hard as men.

Assuming that you are buying a home and not an investment, and assuming that you will live in that home for 10 years or more, the price you paid will not have as big a bearing on what you make at the end of the time as you think. A home is simply not going to make you anything until you either die and do not need anywhere to live, or retire and downsize thereby taking out some of your equity or move to a seniors home and free up all equity (and even then you are going to be paying some major rent)

So as you can see, you only realize your equity part of home ownership of PEI once you no longer need a home or as much of a home. Homes do not statistically perform as an investment as well as stocks and bonds, but the attraction of a home is that you get the added advantage of a place to live.

So property purchase is highly recommended to those youngger people who can look at it as a way to save and have a place to live. The proceeds from the house sale may in the future pay off the mortgage and provide a nice nest egg that will have greatly escaped erosion by inflation.

Let's say you have been unfortunate enough to buy on the spike though and your home has reduced in value to the point that the amount of your mortgage exceeds the amount the home is worth. If you do not have to sell out due to marriage breakup or job loss and can continue to pay your mortgage, you may be a little upset, but realize that the value will rebound and that negative equity is temporary.

The reason that you can count on property to rebound in price is because there simply is not enough of it. PEI real estate is a prime example where the water-frontage will continue to be bought up, sold and re-bought at ever increasing price as the waterfront on the rest of the eastern seaboard has already been bought, sold developed and resold so many times that the prices are huge.

In addition to getting an eventual return on your property investment you might also consider buying versus renting as when you own your own property you can better control how you live, how you decorate, etc. So anytime is a good time to get into the property market – if times are tougher as they are now, well it could be a very good time for you to secure your own piece of PEI real estate.

A Facilities Management Approach to Commercial Roofing Repair and Preventive Maintenance

On one level the practice of facilities management is the constant prioritizing and reassessing of which necessary facility repairs warrant immediate budget expenditures. A commercial roofing contractor needs to understand this to effectively maintain and repair a facility's roofing system (s). The contractor must help the facilities manager walk the fine line between major repairs…

On one level the practice of facilities management is the constant prioritizing and reassessing of which necessary facility repairs warrant immediate budget expenditures. A commercial roofing contractor needs to understand this to effectively maintain and repair a facility's roofing system (s).

The contractor must help the facilities manager walk the fine line between major repairs of older roofing systems and the minor repairs of new roofing systems that could become major repairs if neglected. The idea is to maintain the newer roofing system (s) while over time bringing the older system (s) into an acceptable level of repair and performance. It is also important for the facilities manager to understand when it is time to replace an older roofing system. Typically that time is when too much money is being spent on the repair of an older roofing system, while too little is being spent on the necessary maintenance of newer roofing systems to prolong their life cycle.

Everyday, every commercial roofing system must be replaced. But, with inspection, maintenance and repair, building owners can extend a roofing system's life cycle to maximize their return on investment.

According to the National Roofing Contractors Association preventive maintenance adds 30% -100% service life to a commercial roofing system. That means repair costs could be triple the cost of a preventive maintenance program over the life cycle of a commercial roofing system.

Another facilities management factor to consider in maintaining roofing systems is energy management. Wet insulation in a roofing system loses energy. According to the Building Owners and Managers Institute, good maintenance practices and good energy management go hand in hand. Some of the highest rates of return on energy conservation are generated simply by performing maintenance.

The key element to an effective facility asset management process is having professionals inspect those assets on a regular basis. On a periodic schedule determined with the building owner or manager the following should be done;

* Inspect the entire roofing system including flashings, drains or gutters and leaders, masonry, etc.

* Document each inspection (roof plan, inspection forms, and photo documentation). Each technician should carry a digital camera to document noteworthy roof conditions. Digital photos can be included with inspection reports.

* Perform infrared testing as needed to provide thermal energy reports to identify moisture within a roof system

* Remove all rubris, clean gutters, leaders and drains

* Make minor repairs at the time of inspection.

* Provide estimations for roof repairs (or replacement if necessary)

* Comply with and document compliance with the maintenance requirements of any roofing system manufacturer warranties in effect.

Physical rooftop inspections and color infrared camera surveys are the keys to the effective documentation and analysis of energy loss, roof repair and maintenance issues.

In addition to the information collected during roof inspections, the importance of maintaining warranty, design, installer, as-built materials data, and repair history information should be emphasized. Contractors will benefit from assisting in the compilation of this additional data.

If this process is followed, the repair, maintenance and energy conservation of commercial roofing systems will be as cost-effective as possible. And with this process, facilities-manager clients know years in advance of when a roofing system will have to be replaced, and what its planned expense will be.

Design Solutions With Architectural Implications

Aesthetics are important in art, dance, and designing. The same is important in building construction. What a company representations can be reflected in the design. Functionality is important in the design concepts, but in today's society, it also needs to be appealing to work in and can be important in impressing customers. The fluorescent lamps…

Aesthetics are important in art, dance, and designing. The same is important in building construction. What a company representations can be reflected in the design. Functionality is important in the design concepts, but in today's society, it also needs to be appealing to work in and can be important in impressing customers. The fluorescent lamps of old are being replaced with track or pendant lighting. What applications to the inside of the building and offices should also be reflected on the outside. Here is where design meets some tough challenges.

Architecturally, the outside of the building has to be practical. Not only do companies want their buildings to look good, but they want to be assured that it will withstand the elements. Curtain wall engineering rises to the challenge. Materials are chosen that can withstand such factors as wind, snow, rain, heat, earthquakes or even an explosion. There are many firms that specialize in curtain wall design and provide practical expertise. Not only do they understand the materials that can be utilized, but the focus on design and “making it look nice” confirm that customers will like what they see.

The typical brick and mortar store of the past has been modernized, receiving a facelift that adds character and beauty to a city skyline. Utilizing stone, cement, glass or other materials allows a business to choose the curtain wall design that appeals to those that work there, as well as appealing to those visit. Curtain wall engineering and curtain wall design pass the architectural requirements for safety and durability, without sacrificing aesthetics.

Commercial Construction Company – Specialists Involved

There are lots of different types of buildings that require different types of construction, but a commercial construction company is capable of building virtually anything except housing, which is left to residential construction companies. Almost everything you see that is not a private residence is the work of a commercial construction firm, including privately owned…

There are lots of different types of buildings that require different types of construction, but a commercial construction company is capable of building virtually anything except housing, which is left to residential construction companies. Almost everything you see that is not a private residence is the work of a commercial construction firm, including privately owned shops, malls, parks, museums, government buildings, and others. These places vary so greatly in how they are constructed and what they consist of that commercial construction companies have to keep a large variety of specialists on hand to complete the various tasks required. In this article, we'll take a look at some common types of labor included in commercial construction, as well as the different types of specialists that are involved in many construction projects.

The most obvious specialist that virtually every commercial construction company project will require is the architect. They are responsible for the layout and shape of buildings, and provide the basis off of which many other specialists can work on. Architects are regularly regarded as the cornerstone behind a building, as they have the most influence over how the building will function, as well as how it tends to look overall. Specialists related to architects include masons and carpenters, who are responsible for making the architect's plans come to life.

Many public works such as parks and museums have large gardens or spaces of open land, and while many people assume that these are easy things to design, it can be pretty difficult to create the right type of walkways and grass areas for optimal aesthetic appeal and functionality. Landscapers typically work with a commercial construction company to place open space, trees, benches, walkways, and other natural features that make up a large part of every outdoor space.

A commercial construction company will generally hire a plumber, an electrician, and an interior designer for the finishing aspects of buildings. These can be staff members of the construction company itself, or private individuals that are contracted out by the company. They are responsible for giving the building its functionality, as well as providing a convenient but appealing way for people to use the building. There are lots of different aspects present in commercial construction, and if they do not all flow together in the right way, buildings can come out a disaster. The key to good construction is getting everyone to work together as a team.