How to Become a Roofer

Becoming a roofer is a great way of seeing a good living in the long run. A wide range of roofers learn their trade on the job whilst some others become proficient at it through an apprenticeship program. There are various tips and instructions that you could follow to become a roofer. The article given…

Becoming a roofer is a great way of seeing a good living in the long run. A wide range of roofers learn their trade on the job whilst some others become proficient at it through an apprenticeship program. There are various tips and instructions that you could follow to become a roofer.

The article given below will tell you about some of the crucial steps to follow. All you need to do is to pay proper attention towards this article:

  • First of all, you must get a relevant Health and Safety certification. This is a must and obtaining one is not cost at all.
  • Next, you need to sign up for an apprenticeship program next. You might locate them either on the internet or in your area. The Construction Industry Training Board, known as CITB, is certainly a very good place to start for finding a good roofing apprenticeship placement.
  • Of course, you should learn the different kinds of roofs used in commercial and residential construction, such as sloped roofs or flat roofs.
  • Carefully go through the study material and the equipment so that you can easily work on them later on. Make sure that you learn to work on gutters easily as it is an important part of your job.
  • Now, you will have to work with some of the rainwater equipment so that you know the right way to use them. It is important that you learn more about waterproofing as well. Rain damage will probably be the most common problem you will deal with.
  • Do some on the job training if you really want to become a trained expert in the industry. This is the right way of getting a suitable job as a roofing contractor.
  • Take up an exam, such as City and Guilds or NVQ, for becoming a legal rofer and getting a certificate for carrying the job. This is something that needs to be done in the right way. For any other help and guidance you can consider talking to some of the key experts in the industry.
  • If you are stuck with a specific task, there are plenty of videos on the Internet for almost any type of roofing repair and installation job. Places like YouTube are full of great videos of very qualified experts, which explain the intricacies of every job.

Remember that everything should be done in a planned and systematic way!

Viable Options for Inlet Protection on Construction Sites

Nearly every community has some regulations as far as storm water management for active construction sites. These may be met by utilizing one or more of the following methods: silt fence barriers, block and gravel filtration, sediment basins, and / or inlet protection. Since the purpose of storm water management is to filter out or…

Nearly every community has some regulations as far as storm water management for active construction sites. These may be met by utilizing one or more of the following methods: silt fence barriers, block and gravel filtration, sediment basins, and / or inlet protection. Since the purpose of storm water management is to filter out or contain solids suspended in water, it is important to determine which of the previous methods (or combination thereof) will be the best management strategy for each project.

Silt fence barriers

In order for a silt fence barrier to be effective, it needs to be wide enough to filter runoff water. There are several types of material which are used in silt fence barriers – those which are porous and allow water to pass through without allowing sedimentary particles to enter the inlet systems. These copies have a limited scope of use, though and are most effective if there is a slight slope and if the water runs off in sheets, at low to moderate amounts. This fabric is not to be used to line the inlets, since it is not equipped to manage heavy runoff.

Block and gravel filtration

Often used in conjunction with hardware cloth or wire mesh, small rocks (usually under 3 inches in size) and concrete blocks line the area of ​​runoff and filter out sedimentary processes. This method is effective with most slopes and heavier expected volume of runoff than the silt fence barrier. In extreme cases, though the runoff may exceed the capacity of the filtration method.

Sediment basin

When dug, sediment basins collect the runoff and act as a holding bin for the water was well as any sediment which has collected. These basins require careful planning for directing the runoff as well as the man hours to dig, clean and drain when the project is done. Some environmental groups express concern about these basins because there may still be leaching of chemicals into the ground water.

Inlet protection

Perhaps the most versatile of ways to protect the inlets is to use an inlet filter . These devices are constructed of heavy duty textiles and collect sediment at the inlet. Inlet filters can hang below an inlet grate and are easily maintained and cleaned through the duration of a construction project. Additionally, these filters may have the added benefit of being able to filter out chemical pollutants as well as sediment. Many companies have begun to use inlet filters because of the ability to reuse them as well.

Take Ample Precaution While Venturing on a Scaffolding Project

During any serious and risky work like scaffolding or fixing electric switch boards, you must need ample precaution. Let us consider scaffolding in this column. Whether you are a painter or a window washer, you must take precautions. Although scaffolding provides a wider area, but you can still fall and slip and it can hurt…

During any serious and risky work like scaffolding or fixing electric switch boards, you must need ample precaution.

Let us consider scaffolding in this column.

Whether you are a painter or a window washer, you must take precautions. Although scaffolding provides a wider area, but you can still fall and slip and it can hurt you. At many places, you must have heard about reports where people fall, get injured and die. The following precautions you must take to avoid any injury.

While Working – There are chances that you might slip and fall from a scaffold. You must not work on a surface that has oil or grease. Do you know what good transaction is? You must wear those shoes only that provides you good grip. You must not let all your tools to pile up. They might trip and fall on other people. When there is snow or storm or even rain, you must avoid working outdoors.

Scaffold Erection – The first step that you must take is to erect the scaffold properly. You should make sure that the footing of the scaffold is stable and rigid. You must avoid using stuff like boxes, bricks or even barrels. These do not have a proper balance and can not support the scaffold. The scaffold planks must also be strong. You need to make sure that it can hold weight at least four times of its own weight. If you are talking to contractors, then you must also talk to them and ask them to choose a sturdy wire rope or wire.

Safety Tool Kit – First aid tool kit is a must have at any place where construction work is going on. There are many guidelines for safety that the workers need to follow. If there is danger of debris falling, then the employees must wear hard hats. If the scaffolding is taking place over water, then the workers must know swimming and if required must wear a life vest. An example of this is the shipyard construction work.

Miscellaneous safety requirements – There are certain occupational and health safety rules which you must follow. This applies to the following things like:

1. Construction materials

2. Particulars of scaffolding requirements

3. Other specifics

Apart from the above, the contractors must also keep a guard rail or a notice board at the construction site and the entire area to prevent any kind of mishap. Nobody can intrude into the area without obtaining prior permission from the site inspectors. The working time frame must also have a particular limit so that the workers do not continue work in the evening or at night.

Safety Tips for Scaffold Workers

Working on a scaffold can be a dangerous job if it is not in compliance with proper safety standards. Workers should strictly comply with the safety procedures so that they can get their work done without any sort of accident. Following are some safety law, duties and responsibilities issued by officials for employers, supervisors and…

Working on a scaffold can be a dangerous job if it is not in compliance with proper safety standards. Workers should strictly comply with the safety procedures so that they can get their work done without any sort of accident.

Following are some safety law, duties and responsibilities issued by officials for employers, supervisors and workers regarding scaffold safety:

Well trained Staff

Train all your staff in understanding and handling the design and operation of scaffolding. Training should cover how to safely get on and off scaffoldings and it should also cover fall protection comprehensively.

Preparation

Make sure that everything is in order when using a scaffold. The base should be level, sound and adjusted. The locking devices of the scaffold should be secure and the ground level should be stable. Furthermore, there should be no hazards like obstructions in changes of surfaces, or overhead wires.

Legal and Authentic Employers

Do not work with employers who operate without a license as they are a significant obstacle to scaffold safety. They purchase the material, and put it together without having surveyed for safety.

Load Capacity

Know the load capacity of your scaffold, and complly with it. Do not try to put more workers on the scaffold platform than it can accommodate. Also, do not overload your scaffold with equipment and materials. If your scaffold is not capable to hold the capacity that you place on it then it might collapse.

Guardrails

If the building is more than 10 feet above the ground then the design of the scaffold must consist of guardrails at at least three sides facing away from the building. You should have a top, middle and a bottom rail.

Inspection

Have the scaffolding routinely inspected by a competent person such as a professional engineer.

Manage the space well

As there is not much space on a scaffold, it is important that everything is stored in an organized manner. The platform should be kept free from obstructions of all kinds. All sorts of debris should be placed in a single container or otherwise it should be removed from the platform immediately.

Balance

Keep the scaffold and its platform at a perfect level. Also the workers should be careful while working on a scaffold. Any sudden movements can cause a loss of balance which can lead to accidents and injury.

Protection

Use appropriate protective gear such as non-slip protective footwear, fall protection, head protection and other equipment.

If you comply with all these safety standards, then a scaffold can be one of the safest places to work at.

What Benefits Can You Get From a Professional Scaffolder?

Do you know that you can get a number of benefits, if you hire a good scaffolding company? So if you are renovating your office or house or any property that you won, then you must stick to a company that erects secure and safe scaffolding. The company must surely be a listed Grade A…

Do you know that you can get a number of benefits, if you hire a good scaffolding company? So if you are renovating your office or house or any property that you won, then you must stick to a company that erects secure and safe scaffolding. The company must surely be a listed Grade A company so that you can get the best benefits. Some of the work associated with scaffolding includes the following:

1. Repairs

2. Decorative masonry

3. Brickwork

4. Extension

5. Roofing alterations

For all the above works, you must choose a company who specializes in the trade. If you hire a good company, then you will see how they offer a secured platform for women and tradesmen to do their work. In case you want to stick to something that is available at a low-cost, then you might be compromising on quality and most importantly safety. You can check the tools that the company is using. They must also offer you proper insurance cover. The scaffolding equipment that the contractors use must bear the weight of the workers properly. Proper professionalism is also the proof of a good company.

Now after knowing the benefits of hiring a proper scaffolding company, you must know how to choose one.

Firstly, you must look for recommendations from your family, friends or acquaintances about scaffolding companies. If anyone in the neighborhood has taken up refurbishment work, you can ask them. If they are readily satisfied by the work, then they can certainly recommend the name to you.

Secondly, you must look for testimonial on the company website. Choosing an A grade company means that they will have a great business website in terms of it being informative. They must have enough client feedback or references, which will help you to get convinced about their authenticity.

Thirdly, you must take the price quotes from at least 3 companies. If you can gather that, it will help you to understand which one is more reliable. As said earlier, do not opt ​​for cheap services. If you can make your budget flexible and get quality services in return, then the price is worth it.

Fourthly, you can visit the company in person and talk to them about the benefits that they offer. This will help you to understand their nature and behavioral patterns. Usually the staff must have a friendly approach towards their customer.

Finally, assess their experience and their reputation in the market. Based on all the above measures, you can wisely choose a particular company.

How to Find a Contractor for a Commercial Construction Project

A commercial construction project takes a lot of time, money, and planning. You want to get the best work possible for the lowest price, but if you do not take the time to plan your project you may run the risk of going over budget or not getting the quality work you need. No one…

A commercial construction project takes a lot of time, money, and planning. You want to get the best work possible for the lowest price, but if you do not take the time to plan your project you may run the risk of going over budget or not getting the quality work you need. No one wants shoddy workmanship or to spend more money than necessary. Here are some tips to help you plan your next commercial construction project.

The Lowest Bid Is not Always the Best

Yes you want to save money, but do not think the lowest bid is always the best deal. You should get bids for at least three contractors to compare. While another contractor may come in a bit over another, their experience and ability to do the job correctly and to get it done on time is more important than the few dollars you may save.

You will spend more money and go over budget if you hire the wrong person to do the job, end up firing them, and then hiring someone else. Many times the new contractor will have to start from scratch to correct the mistakes from an incompetent predecessor. Ask for references and go see the projects that they've completed. Talk to the project managers and ask questions about budget, time, and skills of the bidding contractors.

Interview the Bidding Contractors

You have to interview bidding contractors to find out their experience, who will do the job, will they hire sub-contractors, and who the go-to person will be if you have questions and concerns. Ask about permits, will they get them or will you have to? Also ask how many other jobs will they be working on while working for you? If they have too many irons in the fire, your project could end up taking a back burner to their other jobs. The contractor you hire needs to be able to adhere to your project's budget and time constraints.

After you've spoken to the commercial construction contractor ask yourself if you felt comfortable talking to them? Do they seem honest and forthright? Communication is important, and you must feel comfortable making your needs and concerns known. It is also important for the contractor to be able to express themselves and keep you informed.

Draw Up a Contract

Before any works begins and you pay one red cent you must have a contract drawn up between yourself and the commercial construction contractor. This contract needs to include the following items:

  • List of materials to be used and the quantity, color, size, weight, brand, and any other specifications.
  • A budgeted amount and list for allowable items not covered in the list of materials.
  • List of permits and who will obtain them.
  • A payment schedule – do not pay for everything up front. Agree upon a schedule for payments and have these terms listed in your contract.
  • A clause that states all changes-of-order must be signed by you and the contractor.
  • Workmanship warranties and what they will cover.
  • Start and completion dates.
  • Total price of the project.

A commercial construction project is a large undertaking. Finding the right contractor is a must for your project to be completed on time and correctly. Use these tips to find the right contractor and get your next project completed to your specifications.

Why Scaffolding Contractors Are Making the World a Better Place?

If you need a good infrastructure, then you will have to look for good scaffolding contractors. In recent times, contractors have introduced a lot of variation in scaffolding projects. Beside building projects, there are also a number of building restoration projects like film productions, international concerts and etcetera. Let us take a look at the…

If you need a good infrastructure, then you will have to look for good scaffolding contractors. In recent times, contractors have introduced a lot of variation in scaffolding projects. Beside building projects, there are also a number of building restoration projects like film productions, international concerts and etcetera. Let us take a look at the various uses of scaffolding and how it is growing popular.

Events and Concerts – Presently many events and concerts are held publicly. These include band performances, marathons, and so on. Most of these events need temporary structures such as towers and stages. In these events, safety matters the most. The followings are the look outs for scaffolding in these places:

1. The event's success matters a lot because many sponsors invest in these events.

2. The organizers make elaborate arrangements for these events and some are on the stage itself.

3. There is a mass gathering of people and their safety is very important. No unwanted incident should take place by way of which any person gets injured.

The Show everywhere –

Scaffolding need is not just limited to any random event or public function. There are many permanent and temporary structures in and around your house or the road. Every contractor should make sure that they build it with safety. They must deliver efficient work which is safety proof. Scaffolding Companies must hire trained contractors. Even if they are not trained, the company must train them.

Creating Make Believe Sets for Movies – Have you ever been to any film set? Do you have any idea how realistic they look? It is the scaffolding contractors who create the magic. The diverse landscapes, scenery and mansions that you see in the movie, is all artificial. Specialized contractors build film sets. At these places too, safety precautions are mandatory. The equipment which the contractors use is expensive. Contractors need to do a lot of assembling and dismanting during change in film locations.

Access – In terms of access systems, the scaffolds pay more attention. This is to avoid any kind of hazard at the sites. Crowd is everywhere near the construction site. Companies make sure that the pedestrians do not face any obstacle. They also take into account car parking facilities for the guests and attendees.

Thus, we can understand that scaffolding services are very important for any event or non-event purposes. To ensure best practices, you must hire only those contractors who are well-qualified. They must understand the seriousness of the work and deliver so. You can look for resources on the Internet and also find references and recommendations from your acquaints.

Improving Safety in the Construction Industry

Not only does the construction industry add jobs to the economy, it is one of the most dangerous professions when rating accidents per worker in the United Sates. As such, through the years, there have been many regulations created to prevent accidents, both on and around active construction sites. According to several independent studies taken…

Not only does the construction industry add jobs to the economy, it is one of the most dangerous professions when rating accidents per worker in the United Sates. As such, through the years, there have been many regulations created to prevent accidents, both on and around active construction sites. According to several independent studies taken during the last decade, many construction site accidents or fatalities are completely preventable.

Worksite safety should be a part of any construction company's culture. This is the case for many companies. With the current climate in the job market although, some workers may feel pressured to work with companies which safety track record or company culture is not what it should be in order to put food on the table. Being willing to take a dangerous job during difficult times and to make ends meet is not a new phenomenon, but in today's day and age, one should not need to put their life in jeopardy in order to make a living wage.

Unfortunately, many of these situations involve workers who do not speak English as a first language. After some investigation, sources have found that day laborers (often from other countries) are far more likely to be injured or killed in construction site accidents than those who are citizens of the United States. Many of these accidents go unreported due to fears about deportation.

When evaluating your company's culture, take a look at the following list to see how many of the statements below are true for your company to see how safety minded your company actually is.

Safety-minded companies do not believe in cutting corners.

This is not a case of workers leaving out rivets in the Titanic type of accident. Companies who are safety minded make sure that the job is done, done right, and done completely. While coming in under budget is an incentive, the time and man hours lost in an accident far outweigh the time or money saved in a shortcut.

Safety minded companies maintain their equipment.

Since accidents around heavy equipment are one of the major causes of construction site safety failures, companies with regularly maintained equipment are more likely to have accidents than others.

Safety trained companies train, train, and train again.

One of the other leading causes of construction site accidents is human error. Sometimes, this happens because a worker is tired, untrained for the particular task which they have been assigned or just because workers are human and make mistakes. Looking out for employees by training often and completely can help prevent accidents.

Properly Invest In Real Estate With Some Advice

Real estate investments can be a great thing but it is wise to get into without any good thought or planning. You should research it properly and find the proper information before buying properties. The tips below will help you off to a solid start. There are a couple of things to consider when investing…

Real estate investments can be a great thing but it is wise to get into without any good thought or planning. You should research it properly and find the proper information before buying properties. The tips below will help you off to a solid start.

There are a couple of things to consider when investing in real estate. You do not want to make sure that you get a fair deal on the square footage. Do not pay too much for your business. You will need to have both of the answers are good enough to make a final purchase worth your particular situation.

Location is definitely the most important aspect of the key factors in any real estate investment. Property conditions and other factors are usually subject to change. Properties located in terrible areas are not going to turn out well for you. Always research on property values ​​in advance for the areas you are most interested in.

This will provide you with tons of great information to use as you configure your own investment strategy. You could even contact the expert directly.

Take a good hard look at the neighborhood before investing. Neighborhoods where people want to live tend to hold or even rise in value over time, and neighborhoods that are depressed will not pay off so well. Location will always going to be essential when assessing a property's value.

Do not buy real estate. Even if you can get it at a low price, it may be so cheap because it is undesirable.

When you are buying property for investment, it's good practice to have a dependable and affordable handyman working for you. If you do not do this, costly repairs may have a negative impact on your cash flow. A handyman can also help when emergency that might come up after hours.

It may well be illegal for you to dig, so do your homework first.

Be very patient when first starting out. Your initial real estate investment transaction may be more time consuming than you expected. Do not get angry and put your money into something you do not need. That is not a recipe to waste money. Wait until the right investment to come along.

Do not buy just for the sake of owning more properties. You should always have a better chance at investment success when you focus on making the mindset of quality over quantity. This will protect your investment portfolio integrity.

It is important to jump into the market go sour. You are going to find yourself behind with the market's changing if you wait too long.

Never over-leakage yourself out completely when trying to get the next deal. You should make the best business decisions that allow you to retain cash in case of emergencies.

It's crucial that you rely on solid advice like what you read above as you move forward in investing. Do not make hasty decisions, and do not buy on hunches. By doing research and taking your time you will most certainly be successful in your real estate investing endeavors.

Construction Site Dangers to Be Aware of

According to OSHA and various other sources, construction is responsible for approximately 4% of the gross domestic product in the United States. Construction workers have a median pay of approximately $ 25-30 per hour, depending on experience, geographic location and their skill sets. This profession, however is one of the most dangerous profession in the…

According to OSHA and various other sources, construction is responsible for approximately 4% of the gross domestic product in the United States. Construction workers have a median pay of approximately $ 25-30 per hour, depending on experience, geographic location and their skill sets. This profession, however is one of the most dangerous profession in the United States, with injury or fatality rates being anywhere from 10-20% of the work, depending on the source.

Three of the immediate safety risks inherent to the job are: falls, being stuck by or trapped in between objects, and becoming overexerted or suffering a repetitive motion injury. With proper measures and adherence to safety laws and company procedures to address safety precautions on an active construction site, the risks to individual workers can be reduced drastically in these three areas of concern.

There are other safety issues which come up as one explores more about the industry and seeks to reduce other injuries and hazards. After looking at OSHA statistics, it is evident that there are more Hispanic and Latino workers injured per capita than those of other ethnic backgrounds. In some studies, the rate of Latino or Hispanics injured on an active construction site are almost double that of other workers. While this may be seen initially as a situation of these workers being assigned more dangerous tasks, it simply might be something as easy as language barriers which can impede understanding of the safety policies and procedures or a delay in comprehension of warnings given by co-workers .

In many cases, there are risks to the public that are also part of an active construction site. Proper barriers should be in place to prevent the curious (and most often inexibrated) explorer from entering the site either during working hours or after the site is closed for the day. Having the site properly secured is a “no brainer” to many, but there are still those construction wannabes who manage to get themselves into trouble – especially young adults.

The vast majority of accidents on a construction site are simply that – accidents. Most companies take construction site safety very seriously and enforce all local laws as well as OSH guidelines. The best of the batch will work to go above and beyond the bare minimum and look for ways to protect their work force, the general public and the environment as well as they build, remodel and repair structures.

The 5 Key Steps To Effective Construction Dust Containment

Renovation and remodeling are inherently dirty processes. Tearing out walls and ripping up floors is bound to cause a mess and create a difficult, and often dangerous, breathing environment, but even reliably minor improvements like replacing cabinets or repairing drywall can leave your home or business with a coating of dirt and debris . All…

Renovation and remodeling are inherently dirty processes. Tearing out walls and ripping up floors is bound to cause a mess and create a difficult, and often dangerous, breathing environment, but even reliably minor improvements like replacing cabinets or repairing drywall can leave your home or business with a coating of dirt and debris . All too often, the process of dust containment is overlooked by do-it-yourselfers and even some construction professionals, allowing the fallout from these projects to spread, creating a much larger mess than necessary.

Fortunately, keeping the airborne contaminates from a work site contained is not difficult, it simply requires the proper materials and a bit of forethought. By following these basic dust containment tips, your next renovation job does not have to include hours of cleanup in areas that were not even part of the project.

1) Create A Dust Containment Barrier

The first step in minimizing the impact of airborne debris, is to contain the work site. Where possible, keep doors to adjacent rooms closed. When built-in barriers are not available, create your own by hanging plastic sheeting to cordon off the areas where work is being done. There are a number of products on the market that make creating temporary plastic enclosures simple and fast. When building these containment rooms, be sure to consider where your entrance points will be. Consider installing zippers or other types of closures to prevent contaminants from escaping through the openings.

2) Protect The Floor

The next step in the process is to protect the floor both inside and immediately outside of the work area. A accumulation of dust can quickly cause damage to both hard surfaces and carpet if continuously walked on, so completely covering the job site floor is vital. Durable, waterproof floor coverings should be used to protect against dust, spills and other debris. Carefully seal sees with tape to prevent anything from penetrating through to the floor.

To keep dirt and dust from being tracked out from the work area, put down floor protection or sticky mats directly outside of your containment area. It's also a good idea to protect the path leading from the work area to the exit of the building since that will likely be a high traffic area through the project.

3) Ventilate Where Possible

To help keep dust build to a minimum, be sure to keep any windows windows open and consider installing fans to help blow debris outside. If weather or accidents prevent ventilation then HEPA air scrubbers can be used. HEPA filters are a great way to capture airborne particulates before they have a chance to set up and buildup.

4) Protect The Heating / Cooling System

Many people forget that each room in a building is often connected to adjacent spaces by the heating and cooling system. If left unprotected, vents can collect dust from a work area and spread it from room to room through the duct work. If possible, turn off the heating and cooling system in the work zone. If disabling the system is not an option, mask off or cover the air vents in the area you'll be working.

5) Vacuum As You Work

Finally, periodic cleaning may be the best way to prevent the spread of contaminants. While sweeping and dusting simply moves debris around and only serves to stir up more airborne particles, regular vacuuming will help keep buildup to a minimum. Do not wait for dust and dirt to get out of hand, make it a priority to clean up after each day's work. A few minutes here and there through the project can help eliminate hours of cleanup once the job is complete.

How Is Sound Transmitted Through Walls?

This question is often asked with a sense of frustration, whether it be in a residential or business environment. In reality, it actually masks the real question: “How can we prevent sound being transmitted through walls?” We will deal with this later. Firstly, without becoming overly scientific, let's examine how a noise problem exists through…

This question is often asked with a sense of frustration, whether it be in a residential or business environment. In reality, it actually masks the real question: “How can we prevent sound being transmitted through walls?” We will deal with this later.

Firstly, without becoming overly scientific, let's examine how a noise problem exists through what might seem, at first glance, a formidable barrier. Although we'll refer to walls, in certain circumstances, floors and ceilings may also enter the equation.

What a sound wave does

Imagine you are aiming a speaker, playing some music, at a wall. When any sound wave you are transmitting coming into contact with this barrier, three things usually happen. Firstly, part of the sound is reflected back to you, the reminder is then either absorbed by the surface it hits, or is transmitted through it. The proportions are dependent on the wavelength of the sound. We will assume that there is no way round the obstacle, as may happen in an open-plan environment.

There is one key which has a major influence on the proportions of the absorption, reflection or transmission. If your sound hits a smooth surface, there will likely be a greater degree of reflection than if the surface were rougher or more porous. The latter allows more absorption because there are many places within the surface for internal reflections to “catch” more of the sound.

As the sound wave travels through the wall, we know that some of it is absorbed. There are molecular collisions which causes some of its kinetic energy to be lost, in fact, it simply becomes random heat energy. Of course, there is also a degree of absorption into the air itself; the volume lessens at a rate dependent on the frequency or pitch.

How to stop sound breaking through your walls

There are some professional ways to deal with what can be a serious problem, whether in a home or a business, health or educational environment.

Key amongst the options are: an acoustic socket and service box created from twin layers of 10mm high-density gypsum based board to ensure the acoustic integrity of any metal or timber framed wall which contains sockets. A second option is Maxiboard, a high acoustic composite board used within buildings for sound insulation. A third possibility is Coustifoam, a matt black acoustic foam where absorption is required as a lining for soffits or walls, or for laying over suspended ceilings.

Of course, the best solution depends on the actual situation. So if you do wish to earn relief from any acoustic spill situation, there is a simple course of action, and that's to call for some expert advice. Silence might be golden as an opportunity, but a thorough discussion is usually needed before this can be achieved.

Introduction to Building Acoustics

While an interest in acoustic science and the properties and behaviors of sound are not areas that will fascinate everyone, most of us have at least some interest in building acoustics. That is because we live and work in buildings where unwanted noise can be a real problem. In fact, according to many councils, complaints…

While an interest in acoustic science and the properties and behaviors of sound are not areas that will fascinate everyone, most of us have at least some interest in building acoustics. That is because we live and work in buildings where unwanted noise can be a real problem. In fact, according to many councils, complaints about noise are the most common cause of neighboring disputes. Loud noise from a party, TV or even just footsteps can have a serious impact on the quality of life of many people. Different buildings have different acoustic properties and an example of how different surfaces can affect sound comes in the rising popularity of laminate flooring. Previously, fitted carpets were the norm and a good carpet with underlay is an effective sound insulator. When laminate flooring became more popular, these carpets were replaced and all of a sudden the clatter of footsteps and other intrusive noise became a real problem. In fact, the problem was so great that some councils and housing associations built laminate flooring from their properties.

Understanding sound

To tackle the problems associated with noise requires an understanding of building acoustics. Sound absorption, for example, refer to the amount of reverberation in a room and how that in turn affects sound quality and intelligibility. This is an important quality when designing concert halls, theaters and cinemas. Sound insulation, on the other hand, describes the process of reducing the sound that travels from one area into another. This transmission of sound occurs through airborne and impact, or structure structure, noise. In most buildings airborne sound is created by common sources such as TVs, hi-fis or voices. These sounds travel through the air and are then transmitted through the building's structure, typically a wall or floor, and emerge into another room. Impact noise comes most often from feet on floors or from dropped objects and moving items.

Tackling the problem

The success of any solutions that are attempted to reduce noise by using insulating materials will depend on the quality of the insulating materials used. Their proper selection in turn depends upon the knowledge of the engineer or company carrying out the work. Any solution must also take into consideration flanking noise, which will flow around the insulation, and also gaps in the insulation itself. This is why any insulation solution needs to be airtight, to prevent sound leaking through gaps or holes.

How a Topographical Survey Can Benefit Your Building Project

Topographical surveys can be vital to any project, no matter what the size. Using the latest in surveying technology, a topographical land survey can recall numerous unforeseen issues, saving the developer time and money. A topographical survey gives an accurate representation of the surface of the ground. It will show all natural and manmade objects…

Topographical surveys can be vital to any project, no matter what the size. Using the latest in surveying technology, a topographical land survey can recall numerous unforeseen issues, saving the developer time and money.

A topographical survey gives an accurate representation of the surface of the ground. It will show all natural and manmade objects including any existing structures, boundary details, grid levels, ground surfaces, tree positions and drainage. Topographical surveys can show an area in as much detail as you require, depending on your project size and the terrain involved.

Normally information is collected by using a total station, or electronic theodolite, which measures distances and angles between points on the ground. These reference to a standard datum point about which height and location are already known. To add more detail to the survey, techniques such as 3D laser scanning or aerial photography can also be used. All the information collected onsite can be edited and supplied to you in anyway way suits you best – in 2D drawings or electronic files.

Having a topographical survey conducted on your project can highlight possible issues. Distances between surrounding properties are accurately recorded to prevent potential boundary and right to light issues. A survey can also determine whether or not you will be building on a flood plain or whether the ground is at risk of flooding. Given climate change and the recent amount of heavy rainfall, which led to many areas of the UK being flooded, the requirement for topographical surveys has increased significantly. Due to the combination of ever increasing rainfall putting pressure on river banks, man-made drainage and a growing population, topographical land surveys have become a vital tool for builders and developers.

The amount and type of topographic survey detail collected on site should be based on your specification. However, experienced land surveyors will use their knowledge of planning issues to provide additional information that might be vital for any future design or planning application. Information can also be collected from the utility companies, which can then be added to your topographical survey plans.

Alongside having a topographical land survey, you can save time for your project's designer and reduce risk for the contractor by accurately mapping the positions of drain, water supply and electricity cables. A topographical survey will identify positions of access covers but it can be worth investing in underground service tracing. Also, when extending historic buildings, a 3D laser scan might be appropriate to accurately measure features such as stone carvings and retaining walls. All these services can be provided by a professional surveying company.

Cross Logging Sonic Testing: Why It Is So Vital

Foundation engineering work requires quite a number of responsibilities to be performed. All of the steps to be performed as part of the tasks related to this type of engineering are important as the ultimate purpose and purpose of these endeavors is to ensure safety. Cross hole sonic logging is among the tasks performed by…

Foundation engineering work requires quite a number of responsibilities to be performed. All of the steps to be performed as part of the tasks related to this type of engineering are important as the ultimate purpose and purpose of these endeavors is to ensure safety. Cross hole sonic logging is among the tasks performed by foundation engineering professionals. Logging is a form of testing designed to determine the structural integrity of concrete piles with a great emphasis on the integrity of drilled shafts.

Numerous different components exist as part of the foundation of a building. Since many of these components are beneath the surface of the building's ground floor, their presence remains unknown to most people. As a result, the very necessary duties these components performed are also something unknown.

Cross hole sonic logging focuses on a very important aspect of foundation engineering. It examines and tests the structural soundness of concrete. Problems in the concrete within the drilled shafts underneath a building can lead to all manner of serious problems. Even slight cracks or damage can expand into something greater and do so in a tremendously expedient amount of time. A disastrous scenario could have completely completed unexpectedly catching everyone off guard!

Rather than see such a situation ever arise, it is recommended to clearly note the structural integrity of the concrete shafts with cross hole sonic logging. A truly high level foundation engineering company will be more than capable of performing this type of sophisticated testing.

The testing performed by the service must, of course, be completely and totally accurate. No shortcuts must be taken when conducting the actual test and the most modern of equipment has to be employed. Any and all reports issued once the testing has been completed must be written in such a way that they are easily understood by the clients who have requested the cross hole sonic logging.

Just as the structural integrity of the concrete shafts should not be taken for granted, no one should take hiring a foundation engineering company for granted as not all companies and contractors are created equal. The company should be one that has performed these tests repeatedly and expertly in the past. Such tests are incredibly sophisticated which is why they can not be trusted to any company other than one that employs highly trained and skilled professionals. Those who seek to procure such testing must keep this fact in mind when weighing options regarding which particular company to hire.